Names Of Islamic Angels
Names Of Islamic Angels: Exploring the Divine Beings in Islam
Angels hold a significant place in Islamic theology. These celestial beings are regarded as messengers of Allah who carry out various tasks assigned by Him. They are believed to be incorporeal and possess immense power and knowledge. In this comprehensive article, we will delve into the names and roles of Islamic angels, as well as gain a deeper understanding of their significance in Islamic faith.
- Angels in Islam
- The Archangels
- Jibril (Gabriel)
- Mikail (Michael)
- Azrael (Izra’il)
- Malik: The Guardian of Hell
- Raqib and Atid
Angels in Islam
In Islam, angels are believed to be created from light (Noor) and are regarded as pure beings free from sin. They do not possess free will but rather carry out Allah’s commands unwaveringly. Angels have numerous functions, including acting as intermediaries between Allah and humans, recording deeds, and maintaining the order of the universe.
The Quran mentions several angels, and their roles and importance vary. The most well-known are the four archangels, namely Jibril (Gabriel), Mikail (Michael), Israfil, and Azrael (Izra’il). However, it is important to note that Islam recognizes many other angels with diverse responsibilities.
Jibril is considered the chief archangel and plays a pivotal role in Islamic teachings. He is known for transmitting Allah’s revelations to the prophets, including the Prophet Muhammad who received the Quran through Jibril’s revelations. Jibril is also believed to have played a significant role in various historic events, such as the Annunciation to Mary (Maryam) of the birth of Isa (Jesus).
Jibril is regarded as the angel of truth, inspiration, and revelation. He is often depicted with six hundred wings, symbolizing his extraordinary power and speed. His visitations to the prophets were crucial in establishing the foundations of Islamic teachings.
Mikail is another prominent archangel in Islam known for his benevolent nature. He is believed to oversee the distribution of sustenance or provisions to all beings on Earth, including humans, animals, and plants. Mikail ensures that Allah’s creations receive their respective share of sustenance and blessings.
The name Mikail means “Who is Like God?” in Arabic. He is often portrayed as holding a pair of scales in which he measures and allocates the provisions. Mikail is considered a symbol of divine mercy and sustenance, reminding believers of Allah’s compassion and care for His creation.
Israfil is known as the angel of resurrection or the one who will blow the trumpet on the Day of Judgment. It is believed that Israfil’s trumpet call will signal the end of the world and the resurrection of all souls for judgment by Allah. This event is referred to as the “Blowing of the Horn” or the “Resurrection Day.”
Israfil is depicted as holding a trumpet made of a precious stone known as “Saflash” or “Safron.” He is said to possess a melodious voice, and his trumpet call is believed to be so powerful that it can be heard by all creatures, even those in graves, across the time and space.
Azrael is recognized as the angel of death in Islam. He is responsible for parting the soul from the body at the time of death. Azrael’s role is not to be feared but rather seen as a natural process in Allah’s grand plan for each individual. His task is to collect the souls of the deceased and carry them to the afterlife.
Azrael is often portrayed with a scroll and a sword, representing the recording of one’s deeds and his authority to take away life. His presence brings peace and comfort to believers, as death is seen as the gateway to the eternal life promised by Allah.
Other Prominent Angels
Malik: The Guardian of Hell
Malik is the angel tasked with guarding Hell. He ensures that the inhabitants of Hell receive their rightful punishment for their actions in the earthly life. According to Islamic tradition, Hell has nineteen keepers, with Malik being their leader.
Malik is described as a stern and fearsome angel who does not show mercy to the dwellers of Hell. He is responsible for maintaining the order and conditions of Hell and ensuring that those who transgressed Allah’s commandments suffer the consequences of their actions.
Raqib and Atid
Raqib and Atid are known as the recording angels. They are tasked with recording the deeds of each individual throughout their lives. Raqib records a person’s good deeds, while Atid records their evil deeds. These angels meticulously register every action, thought, and intention, forming the basis for judgment on the Day of Resurrection.
It is believed that there are two sets of recording angels for every person, with one set positioned on each shoulder. They take note of one’s actions, continuously updating the records until the end of their earthly life. Each record will then bear witness on the Day of Judgment.
Hamalat-ul-‘Arsh, also known as the bearers of the Throne of Allah, are a group of angels assigned the task of holding and carrying Allah’s magnificent Throne. These angels are described as mighty and powerful, responsible for sustaining the divine presence of Allah.
Hamalat-ul-‘Arsh signifies the immense strength and might of Allah, and the angels assigned to this task symbolize the divine support and power that upholds the entire universe. They serve as a reminder of Allah’s sovereignty and omnipotence.
1. How many angels are mentioned in the Quran?
While the exact number is not mentioned in the Quran, Islamic scholars estimate that there are at least 124,000 angels. The Quran does, however, mention the names of several prominent angels and their roles.
2. Are angels only mentioned in Islam?
No, angels are not exclusive to Islam. Belief in angels is also present in Christianity and Judaism. However, the roles and nature of angels may vary between religions.
3. Can humans see angels?
In most cases, humans cannot see angels. Angels belong to the realm of the unseen, and their appearances are limited to special instances or when a divine message needs to be conveyed. However, Islamic traditions mention instances where angels have appeared to humans in various forms.
4. Can angels disobey Allah?
No, angels are considered obedient beings who never disobey Allah’s commands. They carry out their duties faithfully without free will or choice.
Islamic theology recognizes a vast and diverse realm of angels, each task assigned by Allah to fulfill specific functions. The archangels, Jibril, Mikail, Israfil, and Azrael, hold prominent roles in Islamic teachings, facilitating communication, sustenance, resurrection, and transition to the afterlife. Other angels, such as Malik, Raqib, Atid, and Hamalat-ul-‘Arsh, play vital roles in maintaining order, recording deeds, and symbolizing divine sovereignty.
Understanding the names and roles of Islamic angels provides believers with a deeper appreciation of the intricate tapestry of faith. Angels serve as a link between humanity and the divine, guiding and reminding believers of Allah’s presence and divine decree throughout their spiritual journey.
- Book: “The World of Angels” by Dr. Umar S. al-Ashqar
- Website: www.islamreligion.com
- Website: www.al-islam.org
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The World of Angels” by Dr. Umar S. al-Ashqar