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What Is A Believer In Islamic Mysticism

What Is A Believer In Islamic Mysticism

The concept of belief plays a central role in Islamic mysticism, also known as Sufism. This mystical tradition within Islam emphasizes the development of a deep and personal relationship with the Divine. A believer in Islamic mysticism, often referred to as a Sufi, seeks to attain spiritual enlightenment and union with the Divine through various practices such as meditation, prayer, and asceticism. In this article, we will explore the characteristics, beliefs, and practices of a believer in Islamic mysticism.


  • Characteristics of a Believer in Islamic Mysticism
  • Beliefs of a Believer in Islamic Mysticism
  • Practices of a Believer in Islamic Mysticism
  • Influential Sufis in Islamic Mysticism
  • Frequently Asked Questions

Characteristics of a Believer in Islamic Mysticism

A believer in Islamic mysticism displays certain characteristics that set them apart from mainstream practitioners of Islam. One of the key characteristics is the deep longing for spiritual connection and union with the Divine. Sufis believe in a direct and immediate experience of God’s presence, seeking to develop a personal relationship with the Divine rather than merely following religious rituals and rules.

Another characteristic of a believer in Islamic mysticism is an emphasis on love and compassion. Sufis believe that love is the highest form of devotion and the means to attain spiritual enlightenment. They strive to cultivate love for God, humanity, and all creation, seeing them as interconnected and inseparable.

Furthermore, believers in Islamic mysticism often exhibit humility and detachment from worldly possessions. They view material possessions as temporary and transient, focusing instead on spiritual wealth. Sufis practice asceticism and live a simple lifestyle, detached from the material world, in order to deepen their spiritual connection.

Beliefs of a Believer in Islamic Mysticism

A believer in Islamic mysticism holds a set of core beliefs that shape their worldview and guide their spiritual journey. These beliefs include:

Unity of Existence

Sufis believe in the concept of the Unity of Existence, which suggests that everything in the universe is a manifestation of God. They perceive a divine essence present in all animate and inanimate beings. This belief underscores the interconnectedness and oneness of all creation.

Divine Love

Believers in Islamic mysticism center their lives around the concept of Divine Love. They understand love as the foundational force that drives the universe and guides individuals towards seeking and experiencing God’s presence. Sufis often use poetic language to express their love for the Divine and describe their longing for union.

Inner Knowledge

Sufis believe in the acquisition of inner knowledge, which surpasses the limitations of conventional understanding. They emphasize the importance of seeking spiritual truths through meditation, introspection, and intuition. Inner knowledge helps believers in Islamic mysticism to understand the deeper meaning of religious teachings and experience a direct connection with God.

Practices of a Believer in Islamic Mysticism

Believers in Islamic mysticism engage in a variety of practices aimed at deepening their spiritual connection with the Divine. These practices range from external rituals to internal contemplation. Here are some common practices followed by Sufis:


The practice of dhikr, meaning “remembrance,” involves the repetition of the name of God or sacred phrases. It serves as a meditation technique to maintain constant remembrance of the Divine presence. Dhikr can be done silently or aloud, individually or in groups.


Similar to other mystical traditions, meditation plays a significant role in Islamic mysticism. Sufis engage in various meditation practices to quiet the mind, enter a state of inner stillness, and experience a direct connection with God. These practices may involve focusing on the breath, repeating a mantra, or visualizing sacred imagery.

Poetry and Music

Sufis often express their devotion and longing for the Divine through poetry and music. Poetry, with its evocative language and imagery, is used to convey spiritual experiences and insights. Similarly, music, particularly Sufi music or qawwali, is used to induce a state of spiritual ecstasy and facilitate a deeper connection with God.

Whirling Dervishes

One of the most recognizable practices associated with Islamic mysticism is the whirling dance performed by Sufi dervishes. This dance, known as Sama, is a physical representation of the soul’s journey toward spiritual unity with the Divine. The whirling motion is believed to induce a state of meditation and divine ecstasy.

Influential Sufis in Islamic Mysticism

Throughout history, numerous Sufi masters have emerged, leaving a lasting impact on Islamic mysticism. Here are a few influential Sufis who have contributed to the development and spread of Sufism:


Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Rumi, commonly known as Rumi, is perhaps the most prominent figure in Islamic mysticism. His poetry, collected in works such as the Masnavi and Divan-e-Hafez, remains highly revered and widely studied. Rumi’s teachings emphasize the path of love and the search for inner truth.


Abu Hamid al-Ghazali was a Persian philosopher, theologian, and jurist who made significant contributions to Islamic mysticism. His work, The Revival of Religious Sciences, explores the inward dimension of Islam and emphasizes the importance of inner spiritual transformation.

Ibn Arabi

Muhyiddin Ibn Arabi, a Spanish-born philosopher and poet, is known for his extensive mystical writings. Ibn Arabi’s teachings revolve around the concept of divine unity and the realization of the inherent oneness of all existence.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Are Sufis considered separate from mainstream Islam?

A: Sufis are not considered separate from mainstream Islam, as Sufism is a mystical tradition within Islam. Many Muslims, regardless of their affiliation with Sufism, practice both mainstream Islamic rituals and engage in mystical pursuits.

Q: Do Sufis reject the external aspects of Islam?

A: No, Sufis do not reject the external aspects of Islam. They believe in the importance of both internal and external practices. Sufis consider the external rituals, such as prayer and fasting, as means to develop inner spirituality and connection with the Divine.

Q: Can anyone become a Sufi?

A: Yes, anyone can become a Sufi through sincere devotion and spiritual practice. Sufism emphasizes a personal and direct relationship with the Divine, accessible to all who seek it.

Q: Is Islamic mysticism compatible with other religious traditions?

A: Islamic mysticism, with its emphasis on love, unity, and inner spirituality, shares commonalities with various mystical traditions found in other religions. These shared values make it possible for individuals to find common ground and mutual understanding across different spiritual paths.

Q: Is Islamic mysticism only for Muslims?

A: While Islamic mysticism developed within the Islamic framework, its teachings and practices have resonated with individuals from diverse religious and cultural backgrounds. Many non-Muslims have embraced Sufism, finding inspiration in its universal spiritual teachings.

Q: How can one start exploring Islamic mysticism?

A: To begin exploring Islamic mysticism, one can start by reading the works of influential Sufis such as Rumi and Ibn Arabi. Engaging in practices like meditation, poetry, and music that resonate with the Sufi tradition can also deepen one’s understanding and experience of Islamic mysticism.

Closing Thoughts

A believer in Islamic mysticism, or a Sufi, embarks on a spiritual journey aiming to develop a profound and direct connection with the Divine. Through their unique characteristics, beliefs, and practices, Sufis seek to experience the presence of God in all aspects of life. Islamic mysticism offers a path of love, unity, and inner transformation that transcends geographical and cultural boundaries. By embracing the principles of Islamic mysticism, individuals can deepen their spirituality and foster a greater sense of interconnectedness with the world around them.

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